Final Report (IIS-0325581)

Project period: August 2003 – September 2009

November 2009


Biosurveillance denotes the task of monitoring for the occurrence (outbreak) of diseases of public-health concern, particularly infectious diseases. The general goal of biosurveillance is to detect the outbreak of such diseases as early as possible, while minimizing the number of false positive alerts that are raised when there is no outbreak.

This project has concentrated on investigating Bayesian biosurveillance methods. This section briefly summarizes the contributions of this project within the discipline, which includes biosurveillance in particular and anomaly detection more generally. Sections 1 and 2 of this report (see below) describe our results in detail; the interested reader can see those sections for information that supports the summary statements made in the present summary section. We can divide our contributions into two primary areas: new biosurveillance methods per se, and new developments related to biosurveillance. We discuss each area in turn, and then we close with an outline of our future directions.