Prognostic factors associated with resectable adenocarcinoma of the head of the pancreas
Millikan KW, Deziel D, Silverstein JC, Kanjo T, Christein J, Doolas A, Prinz R. Prognostic factors associated with resectable adenocarcinoma of the head of the pancreas. Am Surg. 1999 Jul;65(7):618-24 PMID: 10399969
A retrospective study of patients with surgically resectable adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head was undertaken to determine which prognostic factors are independently associated with improved survival. Thirty-four men and 41 women (mean age, 61.9 years) had resection for adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head between 1980 and 1997 at Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center. Surgical resections included 15 total pancreatectomies, 43 pyloric-preserving procedures, and 17 standard Whipple procedures. Thirty-six patients received adjuvant radiation and/or chemotherapy. Overall median survival was 13 months, with a 5-year survival of 17 per cent. Thirty-day surgical mortality was 1.3 per cent. Significant factors that negatively influenced survival using univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis were: positive resection margin (P = 0.01), intraoperative blood transfusion (P = 0.01), and lymph node metastases (P = 0.01). Presenting signs and symptoms, patient demographics, operative procedure, tumor size, histologic differentiation, and adjuvant therapy did not have a significant impact on survival. Using multivariate Cox regression analysis, the only significant independent factors improving survival were the absence of intraoperative blood transfusion (P = 0.02) and a negative resection margin (P = 0.04). Performing pancreaticoduodenectomy for adenocarcinoma of the head of the pancreas with negative microscopic margins of resection and without intraoperative transfusion significantly improves survival.