A Fixed-Parameter Algorithm for the Directed Feedback Vertex Set Problem.
J. Chen, Y. Liu, S. Lu, B. O’Sullivan, I. Razgon. A Fixed-Parameter Algorithm for the Directed Feedback Vertex Set Problem. Journal of the ACM. 2008; 55 (5):21.
The (parameterized) FEEDBACK VERTEX SET problem on directed graphs (i.e., the DFVS problem) is defined as follows: given a directed graph G and a parameter k, either construct a feedback vertex set of at most k vertices in G or report that no such a set exists. It has been a well-known open problem in parameterized computation and complexity whether the DFVS problem is fixed-parameter tractable, that is, whether the problem can be solved in time f(k)nO(1) for some function f. In this article, we develop new algorithmic techniques that result in an algorithm with running time 4k k! nO(1) for the DFVS problem. Therefore, we resolve this open problem.